Skip to main content

Full text of "Handbook Of Chemical Engineering - I"

See other formats


132
CHEMICAL ENGINEERING TABLE 6.—Continued
Substance	Condition	Chem. symb.	Material	Valve service	Remarks
Naphtha,  oil dist prod.   No 3		C H2n + a	BF	R	No rubber, Sp. gr.   =0 .7
Nickel chloride       .........		NiCla	Cu		
Nickel sulphate		NiSO*	Cu		
Nitric acid         .......	Con.	HNO3	Pb	R	No rubber
Nitric acid	Dil		AI	R	No rubber
Oil, crude ....................			RF		Large valve area
Oil, heavy  lubr. oil  dist. prod No. 6 ........			BF		No rubber No rubber. Sp. gr =» 0,9
Oil, mineral .................			RF	R	No rubber
Oil, vegetable			AI	R	No rubber
Paraffine. .     .             ...	Hot	CnHan	BF	R	Narrow valve face
Peroxide of hydrogen ...........			AB	R	Corrodes iron
Petroleum      . .			RF	R	No rubber
Petroleum ether ............			RF	R	Is gasoline
Potash		K CO	AI	R	
Potassium alum     ........		AI K (SO )		R	Attacks C. I. slowly
Potassium carbonate		KaCOs			
Potassium chloride    .        .....		KC1	AB	R	Corrodes iron
Potassium cyanide .............		KCN	AI	R	See cyan, of pot.
Potassium nitrate		KNO3	AB	R	! Bronze is best, then  brass
Potassium sulphate ............		K2SO4	AB	R	then C I , the sulphate does
Potash sulphide .           .......		KzS	AI	R	not react with Pb or H.L., the nitrate does.
Rapeseed oil ..................			AI	R	
Rectifying pump.   . .       ......			AB	R	Distillery
Residuum ....................			BF	LO	
Rhigolene,  oil dist prod.   No. 1			BF	R	No rubber Sp gr   «=> 0 62
Salammoniac            .           ...		NH4C1	AI	R	
Salt brine 3 per cent.    .        ....	Salt	NaCl	BF	R	)8alt   water   attacks   C    I
Salt brine over 3 per cent	Salt		AB	R	
Sea water ...................			BF	R	egrap
Sewage .			BF	LO	
Slop ................			BF	LO	
Soap liquor ...................	Thin		A I	LO	Alkali
Soap nigger  .....			AI	LO	
Soap water ..................			AI	R	
Soda .........		NaOH	AI	R	
Soda ash ....................			AI	R	
Sodium bicarbonate		NaHCO3	AI	R	I    b k'             d         d
Sodium brine ..................			BF	R	foam
Sodium carbonate ..........		NaaCO	AI	R	I       1    d
Sodium chloride ...............		NaCl	AB	R	T
Sodium hydroxide    .             .   .		NaOH			
Sodium hyposulphite ........			AI	LO	
Sodium nitrate .		NaNO3			
Sodium sulphate .........			AI	LO	
Starch ........................			BF	LO	
Strontium nitrate		Sr(NOs)-	AB	R	
Sugar ......................			AB	LO	
Sulphate of lime		CaSC>4	A.B	LO	
Sulphide of hydrogen.		HiS	RF	R	Acid
Sulphide of sodium ............	Hot	Na2S	AI	R